Aurangabad is named after the Sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. The city is home to world Heritage Sites of Ajanta and Ellora caves.
Ellora caves are of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain faiths as well. These monolithic carvings are intricate and are carved from top to bottom. The most famous amongst these is the Kailash cave dedicated to Lord Shiva.
2000 year old thirty rock hewn caves at Ajanta, cut into the scarp of a cliff are either Chaityas (chapels) or Viharas (monasteries). On the walls of the caves are paintings, many still glowing with their original colours. The outer walls are covered with brilliantly executed sculpture. The Buddhist theme of the Ajanta paintings recounts the life of Lord Buddha and tales of his previous earthly experiences.